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PMP常用的缩写汇总

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 PMP考试常用缩写汇总

AC:实际成本,actual cost

ACWP:已完工作实际成本,Actual Cost for Work Performed

BAC:完工预算,budget at completion

CCB:变更控制委员会,change control board

COQ:质量成本,cost of quality

CPAF:成本加奖励费用合同,cost plus award fee contracts

CPFF:成本加固定费用合同,cost plus fixed fee contract

CPI:成本绩效指数,cost performance index

CPIF:成本加激励费用合同,cost plus incentive fee contract

CPM:关键路径法,critical path activity

CV:成本偏差,cost variance

EAC:完工估算,estimate at completion

EF:最早完成日期,early finish date

EMV:预期货币价值,expected monetary value

ES:最早开始日期,early start date

ETC:完工尚需估算,estimate to complete

EV:挣值,earned value

EVM:挣值管理,earned value management

FF:完成到完成,Finish-to-Finish

FFP:固定总价合同,Firm-Fixed-Price Contract

FMEA:失效模式与影响分析,Failure Mode and Effect Analysis

FP-EPA:总价加经济价格调整合同,Fixed Price with Economic Price Adjustment Contracts

FPIF:总价加激励费用合同,Fixed Price Incentive Fee Contract

FS:完成到开始,Finish-to-Start

IFB:投标邀请书,Invitation for Bid

LF:最晚完成日期,Late Finish Date

LOE:支持型活动,Level of Effort

LS:最晚开始日期,Late Start Date

OBS:组织分解结构,Organizational Breakdown Structure

PDM:紧前关系绘图法,Precedence Diagramming Method

PMBOK:项目管理知识体系,Project Management Body of Knowledge

PV:计划价值,Planned Value

QFD:质量功能展开,Quality Function Deployment

RACI:执行、负责、咨询和知情矩阵,Responsible、Accountable、Consult、Inform Matirx

RAM:责任分配矩阵,Responsibility Assignment Matrix

RBS:风险分解结构,Risk Breakdown Structure

RFI:信息邀请书,Request for Information

RFP:建议邀请书,Request for Proposal

RFQ:报价邀请书,Request for Quotation

SF:开始到完成,Start-to-Finish

SOW:工作说明书,Statement of Work

SPI:进度绩效指数,Schedule Performance Index

SS:开始到开始,Start-to-Start

SV:进度偏差,Schedule Variance

SWOT:优势、劣势、机会与威胁,Strengths,Weaknesses,Opportunities,Threats

T&M:工料,Time and Material

WBS:工作分解结构,Work Breakdown Structure

 

 

 

常用缩写

A

AC:实际成本- Actual Cost

ACWP:已完成工作实际成本- Actual Cost of Work Performed

B

BAC:完工预算- Budget At Completion

BCWP:已完成工作预算成本- Budgeted Cost of Work Performed

BCWS:计划工作预算成本- Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled

C

CCB:变更控制委员会-Change Control Board

COQ:质量成本-Cost Of Quality

CPF:成本加费用-Cost Plus Fee

CPFF:成本加固定费用- Cost Plus Fixed Fee

CPAF:成本加奖励费用- Cost Plus Award Fee

CPIF:成本加激励费用- Cost Plus Incentive Fee

CPI:成本绩效指数-Cost Performance Index

CPM:关键路径法-Critical Path Methodology

(关键性的)

(方法论)

CV:成本偏差-Cost Variance

D

E

EAC:完工估算-Estimate at Completion

ETC:完工尚需估-Estimate to Completion

EV:挣值-Earned Value Management

EVM:挣值管理-Earned Value Management

ES:最早开始时间-Earliest Start Date

EF:最早结束时间-Earliest Finish Date

EMV:预期货币价值- Expected Monetary Value

F

FFP:固定总价- Firm Fixed Price

FPIF:总价加激励费用- Fixed Price Incentive Fee

FP-EPA:总价加经济价格调整- Fixed Price with Economic Price Adjustment

FMEA:失效模式与影响分析-Failure Mode and Effect Analysis

I

IFB:投标邀请书- Invitation For Bid

L

LS:最晚开始时间-Late Start Date

LF:最晚结束时间- Late Finish Date

LOS:人力投入量- Level Of Effort

O

OBS:组织分解结构- Organizational Breakdown Structure

P

PDM:紧前关系绘图法-Precedence Diagramming Method

(前导图法,)

(领先于…的权利;优先权)

(图样;图表)

PERT:计划评审技术-Program Evaluation and Review Technique

(计划)

(评价;估算)

(审查)

PV:计划价值-Planned Value

Q

QA:质量保证-Quality Assurance

QC:质量控制-Quality Control

R

RACI:执行、负责、咨询、知情-Responsible、Accountable、Consult、Inform

RAM:责任分配矩阵- Responsibility Assignment Matrix

RBS:风险分解结构- Risk Breakdown Structure

RFI:信息邀请书-Request For Information

RFP:建议邀请书- Request For Proposal

RFQ:报价邀请书- Request For Quotation

S

SV:进度偏差-Schedule Variance                              SV= EV-PV

(差异;不同)

SPI:进度绩效指数-Schedule Performance Index                 SPI=EV/PV

(指数)

SOW:工作说明书-Statement Of  Work

SWOT:优势、劣势、机会、威胁-Strength、Weaknesses、Opportunities、Threats

T

T&M:工料合同-Time & Material

TQM:全面质量管理-Total Quality Management

W

WBS:工作分解机构-Work Breakdown Structure

(乐观的)

(悲观的)

 

 

 

 

 

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